Usually, as elevation increases, the weather gets colder and the climate becomes harsher (more intense weathering: windier and colder). There is also less air as elevation increases. As elevation decreases on land that most live on, the climate gets warmer as well as more humid.
What is the relationship between elevation?
The two have an inverse relationship, that is, when elevation increases, atmospheric pressure decreases. This is due to the amount of air on top of you at your current elevation. At lower elevations, you have more air above you, and thus more pressure.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate quizlet?
The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate.
What is the relationship between elevation and latitude?
Elevation and latitude are related because they have similar effects on temperature. As the elevation increases, the temperature of the air decreases, which is likewise with latitude.
What is the relationship between elevation and air pressure?
As altitude rises, air pressure drops. In other words, if the indicated altitude is high, the air pressure is low.
What is the relationship of the elevation or height to the air pressure?
Pressure with Height: pressure decreases with increasing altitude. The pressure at any level in the atmosphere may be interpreted as the total weight of the air above a unit area at any elevation. At higher elevations, there are fewer air molecules above a given surface than a similar surface at lower levels.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate How does this account for the differences in ecosystems at the base of a mountain and its peak?
Altitude affects climate because atmospheric temperature drops with increasing altitude by about 0.5 to 0.6 °C (0.9 to 1.1 °F) per 100 metres (328 feet). The relief of mountains affects climate because they stand in the path of wind systems and force air to rise over them.
What is the relationship between altitude and climate How does this account for the differences in ecosystems at the base of a mountain and at its peak?
Generally the climate on mountains get progressively colder with increased altitude (the higher up you go). This happens because as altitude increases, air becomes thinner and is less able to absorb and retain heat.
What is the relationship between altitude and average temperature quizlet?
What is the relationship between altitude and average temperature? As the altitude increases the average temperature decreases.
How does climate differ from weather?
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
Which statement best describes the relationship between altitude and temperature?
Which statement describes the relationship between altitude and temperature? As altitude increases, temperature increases.
How does topography affect the climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.
What is the difference between elevation and altitude?
The elevation of an object is it’s height above sea level. Sometimes elevation and altitude are using interchangeable, however, altitude is the vertical distance between an object and the earth’s surface. … We could for example use relief to describe the elevation, direction, and angle of slope of a mountain range.
What is altitude in climate?
Altitude and Climate:
Altitude describes how high a certain point is located above sea level or ground level. Climate, often confused with short-term weather trends, describes the long-term prevailing weather patterns of a region. For example, the American Southwest has a climate that is dry and hot.
How latitude affects the climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.
What is the relationship between temperature and air pressure?
The relationship between atmospheric pressure and temperature is directly proportional to each other. In simple words, increasing temperature causes an increase in the atmospheric pressure and vice-versa.
What is the relationship between altitude and atmospheric pressure and why?
The depth (distance from top to bottom) of the atmosphere is greatest at sea level and decreases at higher altitudes. With greater depth of the atmosphere, more air is pressing down from above. Therefore, air pressure is greatest at sea level and falls with increasing altitude.
What is the relationship of pressure temperature and altitude?
Therefore, air pressure decreases as we increase altitude. The air density depends on both the temperature and the pressure through the equation of state and also decreases with increasing altitude.
How do mountains and elevation affect climate?
Since air is less dense at higher altitudes, its molecules are spread farther apart than they are at sea level. These molecules have fewer collisions, so they produce less heat. Air temperature drops as you go higher. … At the bottom of the mountain, the temperature is high year round.
What is the relation between altitude and climate write in reference to the climate of Nepal?
Nepal’s climate, influenced by elevation as well as by its location in a subtropical latitude, ranges from subtropical monsoon conditions in the Tarai, through a warm temperate climate between 4,000 and 7,000 feet in the mid-mountain region, to cool temperate conditions in the higher parts of mountains between 7,000 …
How do the altitude of a place affects the climate on the area?
Altitude refers to the height above sea level. Temperature decreases with increasing height above sea level. This makes the higher areas to have lower temperatures than the lower areas. A rise in altitude causes a fall in temperature and a cooling effect which causes condensation.